Microsoft October Patch Tuesday Fixes 62 Security Issues, Including a Zero-Day
Earlier today, Microsoft published the October 2017 Patch Tuesday, the company’s monthly update train, addressing important security issues, but also some mundane bug fixes. The vulnerability (CVE-2017-11826) is a remote code execution (RCE) bug that affects Office Word, discovered by three Qihoo 360 security researchers.
Affected products include Microsoft Word 2007 and later releases, but also Word Automation Services and Microsoft Office Web Apps Server. Microsoft describes the issue as follows:
A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Office software when the software fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.
Exploitation of the vulnerability requires that a user open a specially crafted file with an affected version of Microsoft Office software. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a website (or leverage a compromised website that accepts or hosts user-provided content) containing a specially crafted file designed to exploit the vulnerability. An attacker would have no way to force users to visit the website. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to click a link, typically by way of an enticement in an email or instant message, and then convince them to open the specially crafted file.
Two Other Bugs were Publicly Disclosed, But Not Abused…
While details about the Office Word zero-day led to its abuse, two other bugs that became public were not detected in live attacks.
The two are CVE-2017-8703 (a denial of service issue in the Windows Subsystem for Linux) and CVE-2017-11777 (a cross-site scripting vulnerability in Microsoft Office SharePoint).
Below is a table listing of all the 62 security issues fixed this month. We used PowerShell and the Microsoft API to assemble the table below, but the report is much longer. We hosted the full report on GitHub, here.
If you’re not interested in all security updates and you’d like to filter updates per product, you can use Microsoft’s official Security Update Guide, available here.
Adobe, which usually syncs security bulletins with Microsoft, did not release security fixes today.